Under the “fair use” provision of copyright law, a person may make limited use of another author’s work without asking permission. As noted in the Fair Use Checklist box:
"There's no one right answer as to what constitutes a "fair use" of a particular copyrighted work. The answer varies from situation to situation."
Please use these examples as a suggested starting point and be sure to use the Fair Use Evaluator, if you deem it appropriate to do so. Also, please be advised that courts are not bound by established standards or guidelines and the Copyright Act contains no such standards. Therefore, we advise that you conduct your own fair use evaluation.
Using Materials Found on the Internet
Multimedia works are created by combining copyrighted elements such as movies, music, sounds, graphics, and text. It is recommended that you use only small portions of other people's works.
CONFU recommendations allow you to use small portions of multimedia works without obtaining copyright permissions. For more information about CONFU please see the appropriate tab in this Libguide. Following CONFU guidelines you may:
There's no one right answer as to what constitutes a "fair use" of a particular copyrighted work. The answer varies from situation to situation.
A good point to consider is this: Have you made a "good faith" effort to comply with the "fair use" clause of U.S. Copyright Law?
"Four factors" are considered in all fair use evaluations. They are:
These four factors are not meant to be exclusive and must be examined together.
The statute does not indicate how much weight is to be accorded each factor. Historically the courts have placed the most emphasis on "effect", while the "nature" of the copyrighted work is usually considered to be the least important factor.
For help in making a fair use evaluation, please see our "Fair Use Checklist", below. Another excellent resource to use is the ALA's Fair Use Evaluator.